In the wooden moulding plane parlance, a plane tilted off vertical is sprung, and its angle is known as the spring angle. Springing on wooden moulding planes decreased the amount of metal on the iron that needed to be ground away to create the profile. With wooden moulding planes, some contend that a tilt of the plane also helps to keep the plane running true since a diagonal downward force will both push the built-in fence against the stock and allow for cutting at the same time.
| Horizontal and vertical spring angle lines, seen just above|
the profile, indicate the proper tilt of the plane
Figure 69, below, from the Stanley 55's manual shows a method for angled mouldings. The ability to angle the 55's profiles vastly improves your options when recreating mouldings. Unfortunately, this angled moulding is easier said than done with the Stanley 55 with the setup shown in the manual. Unlike its wooden plane counterpart, the Stanley 55's weight tends to veer the plane off course when it is "sprung", especially with steeper angles.
The rosewood fence can be removed off of the metal portion of the fence by unscrewing the set screws and flipping the fence upside down. Be careful not to loose the cylindrical nuts. Once the right fence is flipped upside down, the fence can be angled appropriately upward by loosening the set screws. Having the use of the dual fences greatly improves consistency.
Loosening the 2 set screws on each fence allows the fence to be angled.
The screws can be removed (keep an eye on the cylindical
nuts so that they do not get lost) and the fence can be flipped upside down.
|The left fence (to the right in the photo) is angled downward and the right fence is angled upward.|
You may be able to set the fence angles while they are mounted on the rods so that the faces are easier to set parallel.
|Here the plane is returned back to its standard vertical orientation.|
This is the cutter used
for angled and
vertical profiles shown
|Another setup this time using a straight cutter angled to about 35°|
The right fence flip-over trick can get you to about 35°. Another option to think about is making your own custom fence to accommodate angled mouldings for a full 45° tilt...